Black Mamba Survival



The black mamba usually delivers multiple strikes when defending itself from threats.  This snake injecting its potent neurotoxin and cardiotoxin with each strike, often attacking the body or head, unlike most other snakes.  It can strike up to 12 times in a row. A single bite from a black mamba can inject enough venom to kill up to 10-25 grown men, easily killing one unless the appropriate antivenom is administered in time. 

When in the striking position, the mamba flattens its neck, hisses very loudly and displays its inky black mouth and fangs. It can rear up around two-third of its body from the ground, which allows it to reach heights of approximately four feet. 

Like many reptiles, the Black Mamba relies on external heat to regulate its body heat.  The Back Mamba snake must live in a warm dry environment, which is why you will find this snake in Somalia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Botswana, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, and the Congo.  These snakes are found in open savannahs, open woodlands, and rocky outcrops.  
Black Mambas main source of food include rodents, ground squirrels, and other small mammals.  When hunting small animals, the black mamba delivers one or two deadly bites and backs off, waiting for the neurotoxin in its venom to paralyze the prey.  After ingestion, powerful acids digest the prey, sometimes within 8 to 10 hours.

Black Mamba snakes tend to live for long periods of time in vacant insect mounds or hollow trees.  They are known as creatures of habit and will return to their same basking spots on a daily basis to warm their body.  They use their eyesight to detect motion, and sudden movements will cause them to strike. The tongue of the mamba is extended from the mouth to collect and analyze air particles which are then deposited in the vomeronasal organ on the roof of the mouth. These snakes have no external ears, but are quite skilled at detecting vibrations from the ground. Just like other snakes, they will display aggression with a set of signals, warning the possibility of attack if threatened.
Black Mamba Snake
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